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Scholars believe Young significantly influenced the religious and political landscape of the American West.
Brigham Young University–Idaho - Wikipedia
Despite moving to a relatively isolated region in Utah, tensions between Mormons and other Americans continued. In September of , a Mormon militia murdered about people who were part of a wagon train from Arkansas. This event became known as the Mountain Meadows Massacre. The exact motive for the massacre is still debated today, and some records show that Mormon leaders attempted to cover up the attack. Scholars are also unsure who was directly responsible for the violence. Some have blamed Brigham Young, while others say the local leaders in southern Utah were at fault.
The text gives an account of ancient prophets who lived in the Americas.
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It covers events that occurred from about B. According to the book, some Jews came to America to avoid persecution in Jerusalem. They divided into two groups who fought each other: the Nephites and the Lamanites. In A. According to the Book of Mormon, Jesus Christ appeared and preached to the Nephites in the Americas after his crucifixion. The book is divided into smaller books that read as narratives. The LDS church states that more than million copies of the Book of Mormon have been distributed as of A young man, 12 years of age or older, can enter into a priesthood known as Aaronic priesthood.
Those over 18 can enter into Melchizedek priesthood. Although the LDS church banned the practice of polygamy in , Mormons have historically wed many wives. In recent years, the church acknowledged that Joseph Smith wed as many as 40 wives, some as young as age Today, Mormons frown upon polygamy and choose to marry just one spouse. Still, a small number of fundamentalists, who broke from the church, continue to practice plural marriage.
Mormon presidential candidate Mitt Romney brought the religion to the forefront of American politics in According to a Pew Research poll, about 62 percent of Mormons say Americans are uninformed about their religion. Nearly half said that Mormons face a lot of discrimination. Mormonism is thought to be a fast-growing religion. Some experts believe that if present trends continue, there could be million Mormons worldwide by But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!
Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. A towering figure in Mormonism, Brigham Young , began his professional career as a carpenter and painter.
Baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in , he was ordained an apostle in After the assassination of Joseph Smith in , The Bible is the holy scripture of the Christian religion, purporting to tell the history of the Earth from its earliest creation to the spread of Christianity in the first century A. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament have undergone changes over the centuries, Followers of Judaism believe in one God who revealed himself through ancient prophets.
The history of Judaism is essential to understanding the Jewish faith, which has a rich heritage of law, Wicca is a modern-day, nature-based pagan religion. Though rituals and practices vary among people who identify as Wiccan, most observations include the festival celebrations of solstices and equinoxes, the honoring of a male god and a female goddess, and the incorporation of Today, with about million followers, Hinduism is the third-largest religion behind Christianity and Islam.
In , reeling from the murder of their founder and prophet, Joseph Smith, and facing continued mob violence in their settlement in Illinois, thousands of Latter Day Saints better known as Mormons threw their support behind a new leader, Brigham Young. Two years later, Young Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity, with about 1. Although its roots go back further, scholars typically date the creation of Islam to the 7th century, making it the youngest of the major world religions.
The Inquisition was a powerful office set up within the Catholic Church to root out and punish heresy throughout Europe and the Americas. Beginning in the 12th century and continuing for hundreds of years, the Inquisition is infamous for the severity of its tortures and its The approved version read "homosexuality will not be tolerated", while the proposed sentence banning "masturbation" was removed in committee. The complete ban on any students with a homosexual orientation was softened a decade later by Wilkinson's successor, Dallin H. Oaks , in a 19 April Board of Trustees meeting.
There it was decided BYU would allow students who had repented of homosexual acts and forsaken them for a lengthy period of time. Additionally, students guilty of irregular sexual behavior not including fornication or adultery equivalents who were repentant and showed evidence that the act s would not be repeated would be admitted while overt and active homosexuals would still be barred from remaining and enrollment. Under Oaks, a system of surveillance and searches of dorms of problem students, including suspected homosexuals, was implemented. In reference to the widespread campaign to find homosexuals among BYU students, Oaks stated, "Two influences we wish to exclude from the BYU community are active homosexuals and drug users, and these subjects are therefore among those with which our security force is concerned.
The anonymous letter was later published with the help of Lee's gay brother Jeff and Ricks College faculty member Howard Salisbury as the "Payne Papers" pamphlet later titled "Prologue". One student stated she tried to pray her feelings away, and another said her parents sent her to BYU to straighten out her homosexual feelings.
In a reported 13 students were kicked off campus when caught watching the TV series Queer As Folk. In , BYU changed the honor code to read that stating one's sexual orientation was not an honor code issue while removing the phrase that "any behaviors that indicate homosexual conduct, including those not sexual in nature, are inappropriate and violate the Honor Code.
While both homosexuals and heterosexuals must abide by the church's law of chastity i. There is no similar restriction against expressing normal heterosexual feelings. As for gender diverse students, policies remain unclear, and as of [update] a BYU spokesperson has only stated that "transgender students are handled on a case-by-case basis.
No publicly available BYU policy seems to be in place for students transitioning with hormone therapy, or for an assigned-male-at-birth student expressing their internal gender identity as a woman through clothing, makeup, or long hair. Smith conducted a survey of thousands of Mormon students at several universities including many from the BYU sociology department as part of a larger survey. Shortly after the 21 May meeting of BYU president Ernest Wilkinson and apostles on the executive committee of the Church Board of Education discussing the "growing problem in our society of homosexuality" BYU began administering " aversion therapy " to "cure," "repair," or "reorient" homosexual feelings among Mormon males.
Dye stated that during that decade part of the "set process" for homosexual BYU students referred to his office for "less serious" offenses was to require that they undergo some form of therapy to remain at BYU, and that in special cases this included "electroshock and vomiting aversion therapies. In an independent BYU newspaper article two men describe their experience with the BYU Aversion therapy program during the early s.
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Jon, one of the individuals, implied that the treatment was completely ineffective. From to Max Ford McBride, a student at BYU, conducted electroshock aversion therapy on 17 men with 14 completing the treatment using a male arousal measuring device placed around the penis and electrodes on the bicep. He published a dissertation on the use of electrical aversive techniques to treat ego-dystonic homosexuality. Participant in the BYU study Don Harryman wrote that he experienced "burns on [his] arms and I did everything within my power to change, and it didn't alter my homosexuality one whit.
All I had learned to do was suppress much of my personality I was shutting down, turning off I was making my life miserable by a pervasive denial of who I am. Additionally, Connell O'Donovan describes the attempts by the University to 'cure' his homosexuality through vomit-inducing aversion therapy as well as electroshock aversion therapy. Val Mansfield and Drew Staffanson also describe undergoing aversion therapy and Raymond King describes his involvement as an intern with the BYU psychology department's electroshock aversion therapy program in the short documentary Legacies.
In BYU admitted to the past use of electroshock therapy but denies that it had ever used vomit-inducing therapy "in the BYU Counseling Center"  which has been in the Wilkinson Student Center since However, the students that underwent the treatment have stated that the vomit therapy took place in the basement of the Psychology department's Joseph F. Smith Family Living Center built in , demolished in In , the church's official website declared that conversion therapy or sexual orientation change efforts are "unethical.
This therapy focused on diminishing same-sex romantic attraction sometimes happened on campus by church-employed therapists. For example, National Geographic journalist Andrew Evans  has discussed the compulsory year of conversion therapy and "traumatic moments" BYU made him undergo in the late 90s as a student after he was caught kissing a man by his roommate. BYU told him he could be expelled or visit weekly with his bishop, turn in fellow gay students, cut off contact with any gay friends, and have frequent visits with a BYU therapist until he was heterosexual and "safe" for other students to be around.
Included in the therapy was weekly dates with women as an additional attempt to change his attractions.
Brigham Young University LGBT history
Similarly, LGBT activist Michael Ferguson also discussed the many years and different modalities of expensive conversion therapy he underwent including with a BYU psychologist starting with a recommendation from his BYU bishop. He was told by local church leaders that many had "overcome" and diminished their same-sex romantic feelings and their "addiction" to those of the same sex. Ferguson believed that through this he could follow church teachings and marry a woman and enter the highest degree of glory in the afterlife.
Much of the therapy focused on repairing alleged emotional damage from things deemed to cause homosexuality like an overbearing mother, distant father, and rejection from same-sex peers. Before there was little explicit mention of homosexuality by BYU administration. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. General articles. Media depictions. Current organizations.
Previous organizations. Notable people. Fall Archived from the original on 22 November Retrieved 22 November Michael University of Illinois Press. Brigham Young University students who surveyed campus attitudes towards homosexuals say 42 percent of the students questioned believe same-sex oriented students should not be allowed in school, even if they obey its honor code, which prohibits homosexual behavior. As part of a project for their English class, Sam Clayton, Dale Franklin and Melanie Dinger conducted the school-approved survey to students in randomly selected classes on campus.
Almost 80 percent of respondents would not live with a same-sex oriented roommate. The Christian Century. Retrieved 5 February The Chronicle of Higher Education. USGA, is forced to meet in a local library because the university does not support or sanction its existence. USA Today.
Retrieved 12 January Forces homosexuals to Be Celibate". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 20 June Since LGBT students can be expelled for hugging or kissing someone of the same sex, they are forced to take their displays of affection off campus. Daily Herald.